The Americas Society Council on the Americas has a summary of WikiLeaks and U.S. Policy in the Americas
Brazil (2,867 total cables*
- 2009 Country Report on Terrorism: A December 2009 cable discussing Brazil’s counterterrorism efforts in the Argentina-Brazil-Paraguay tri-border area points out that, “in October 2009, the [Ministry of Foreign Relations] did admit, for the first time, that terrorists could become interested in Brazil because of the award of the 2016 Olympics to Rio de Janeiro.”
- The Brazil-Lebanon Connection and Muslims in Brazil’s Largest City: A cable from November 2009 sent from the U.S. consulate in São Paulo say the Islamic community is Brazil is largely moderate, but ambassadors and Muslims in Brazil are wary of extremist elements.
- United States-Brazilian Defense Cooperation: In a November 9, 2009 meeting with U.S. officials, Brazilian Defense Minister Nelson Jobim “expressed support for moving forward with U.S.-Brazil security cooperation.” In response to the meeting, the cable’s author wrote that Brazil’s “efforts to maintain peace [in the region] are sincere and should be encouraged.”
- Security and Terrorism: Two cables from early 2008 argue that the Brazilian government publicly downplayed terrorist and security threats, while “away from the public spotlight, however, the [Government of Brazil] is a cooperative partner in countering terrorism and terrorist-related activities.” The leaks also suggest that potential pockets of Islamic extremism among segments of Brazil’s large Muslim community are a security concern.
Mexico (2,593 – the widely reported number 2,285 refers specifically to cables relating to the U.S. embassy in Mexico City, as opposed to the embassy and all consulates combined). Go to Mexican daily El Universal’s WikiLeaks portal for links to Mexico-related cables.
- “Zero-sum Competition” Between Agencies: “Mexican security institutions are often locked in a zero-sum competition in which one agency’s success is viewed as another’s failure, information is closely guarded, and joint operations are all but unheard of,” says the author of a cable dated January 29, 2010. The report laments the level of institutionalized corruption in Mexico and stresses the need to modernize the country’s military.
- U.S. Ambassador to Mexico Underscores Bilateral Security Successes: The top U.S. diplomat in Mexico writes in a cable from December 2009 that the Mexican security forces’ successful operation against cartel leader Arturo Beltrán “is a clear victory for the Mexican Government and an example of excellent [U.S. Government-Government of Mexico] cooperation.”
- State of Exception Considered: In a meeting outlined in an October 2009 cable, Mexico’s secretary of defense discussed the possibility of creating a state of exception in certain areas of the country to bolster the military’s ability to fight the cartels.
- Stepping up U.S. Presence in Latin America and Concerns over Venezuela: An October 2009 cable covers a meeting between the U.S. director of National Intelligence and Mexican President Felipe Canderón. The report reviews statements by Calderón indicating that Latin America “needs a visible U.S. presence” and that “[t]he U.S. should look at Latin America from an interconnected perspective.” The cable goes on to say Calderón believes Washington should engage Brazil as a means to keep Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez in check, arguing that “there is a link among Iran, Venezuela, drugs, narcotics trafficking, and rule of law issues.”
- U.S.-Mexico Cooperation against Cartels: A cable dated October 2009 details ways the United States and Mexico can deepen intelligence sharing and focus security efforts toward specific cities. Concern is expressed over the ability to sustain a military offensive against narcotraffickers into the next administration if measurable accomplishments are not achieved before President Felipe Calderón steps down.
Venezuela (2,340 cables)
- Nuclear Security: A 2009 cable from the embassy in Caracas quotes conversations with nuclear scientists who argued that Venezuela is currently unable to help “third countries (i.e. Iran)” develop nuclear weapons, and is “incapable of cooperation with Russia on the development, design, construction and operation of nuclear reactors.”
- Cuban Spies in Venezuela Have Chávez’s Ear: Cuban personnel cooperate and assist Chávez and the Venezuelan military, and Cuban intelligence advisors “frequently provide him with intelligence reporting unvetted by Venezuelan officers,” says a 2009 cable from Caracas. It goes on to say: “Venezuelan intelligence services are among the most hostile towards the United States in the hemisphere, but they lack the expertise that Cuban services can provide.”
Honduras (1,958 cables)
- June 2009 Coup Illegal: A July 2009 cable argues that, though state and political institutions correctly thought Zelaya had abused his powers in violation of the constitution, “the military and/or whoever ordered the coup fell back on what they knew—the way Honduran presidents were removed in the past: a bogus resignation letter and a one-way ticket to a neighboring country.”
Chile (1,464 cables)
- The United States Should Appreciate Latin American Political Nuances: In a January 12, 2010 lunch with U.S. Assistant Secretary of State Arturo Valenzuela and the U.S. ambassador to Santiago, President Michelle Bachelet of Chile said that “there are many moderates in Bolivia,” and “cautioned against lumping all of Latin America’s populist-leaning leaders together.”
Bolivia (1,299 cables)
- Iran in Latin America: According to a cable reviewed by El País, Iran has been searching for Uranium deposits in Bolivia since at least 2006. However, Bolivian President Evo Morales says this is not true.
Paraguay (1,148 cables)
- Terrorists in the Tri-border Area: A 2008 cable sent from the U.S. embassy in Brasilia expresses Brazilian concerns about a terrorist presence in the Argentina-Brazil-Paraguay tri-border area, where “terrorists may exploit the favorable conditions” present on the Paraguayan side of the border including “lax border controls, smuggling, drug trafficking, easy access to false documents and weapons, movement of pirated goods, [and] uncontrolled cash flows.”
Cuba (507 cables)
- ETA and FARC in Cuba: A 2009 cable sent by U.S. diplomats in Havana says that Cuba hosted members of the Basque terrorist group ETA and Colombia’s FARC guerillas. The cable also says that there is no evidence that Havana allowed these groups to plan terrorist operations against the United States.
Read more here.